A History of Indian Literature. Volumen II by By M. Winternitz.Translated by Mrs. S. Ketkar (and Miss H.

By By M. Winternitz.Translated by Mrs. S. Ketkar (and Miss H. Kohn), and revised by the author.

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In the sense of the ancient meaning of the word Sutra, see Vol. I, p, 268 f. The text of the Pāṭimokkha is published separately and translated by JRAS Of. Dutt, Early Buddhist Monachism, p. 92 t 1876, p. 62 ff. and translated once again by Rhys Davids J. F. Dickson, and Oldenberg in S B E vol. 13, p. 1 ff. 8 ) Translated into English by X V I I and X X . Rhys Davids and Oldenberg in S B E vols. XIII 25 BUDDHIST LITERA T URB admission into the order, for the Uposatha celebration, for life during the rainy season and for the Pavāraṇā celebration taking place at the end of the rainy season, and further, the rules for the wearing of shoes, facilities for seats and vehicles, medicine and clothing of the monks, and finally for the regula­ tion of the legal conditions and the legal procedure within the order, especially in the case of schisms.

V. (also R. C Childers, Diet, of the Pali Language, s. ) explains it by pratimokṣya "that which should be made binding," "obligatory," "obliga­ tion," w i t h reference to Jātaka V , p. " p. xxvii f. , Vol. X I I I , Buddha, p, 419 n. 1 , Manual, p. 74 n. 5 (" a spiritual cuirass " ) , and R. 0 . Franke, Kern, Dīghanikāya, p. 66 n. 7. The earliest e t y m o l o g y is the one in the old commentary Mahāvagga II, 3, 4, which was also accepted by Buddhaghosa, pāṭimokkha being taken as a derivative of mukhaṃ‚ which is quite impossible.

Suttavibhaṅga means " explanation of the Suttas,’ and in this case we should take " Sutta to mean the separate clauses or articles of the Pāṭimokkha. , each single article, is explained word for word, and in an introduction it is related where and on what occasion the Buddha issued the decree in question. The Mahāvibhaṅga consists of eight chapters, corresponding to the eight classes of transgressions against the discipline. By analogy with the Pātimokkha for the monks, a similar code was compiled later for the nuns.

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