By Carl-Gustaf Scott
This e-book employs men's soccer as a lens during which to enquire questions on the subject of immigration, racism, integration and nationwide id in present-day Sweden. in particular, this examine explores if specialist soccer serves as a profitable version of multiracialism/multiculturalism for the remainder of Swedish society to emulate.
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Extra info for African Footballers in Sweden: Race, Immigration, and Integration in the Age of Globalization
197 That same year, yet another well-traveled Nigerian, Pascal Kondaponi, was recruited to Ljungskile SK after having competed on three separate continents for eight different clubs in less than a decade. 198 This truly globalized market for professional footballers, however, did not yet exist when the first African player arrived in Allsvenskan three decades earlier in 1977. 199 And indeed it would take almost a decade before another African (also a Tunisian)—Samir Bakaou—would play in Allsvenskan again.
199 And indeed it would take almost a decade before another African (also a Tunisian)—Samir Bakaou—would play in Allsvenskan again. 201 This is because in this era there were still very few foreign footballers in the Swedish professional game and even fewer black ones. At the time of these two players’ arrival in Sweden, the country was in the midst of an enormous transition—one that would rapidly transform it into a multicultural and multiracial society for the very first time. It perhaps goes without saying that this transition has been frequently been accompanied by severe growing pains, and this has all too often been made manifest by the prevalence of racism in Swedish football.
This is because Brazilian club officials calculated that the top Swedish division would be a better place to showcase their surplus players than any of the lower Brazilian divisions. 134 Some of these imports, like Djurgården’s Thiago Quirino da Silva, for example, failed to live up to the club’s original expectations,135 while others, such as Alvaro Santos and Afonso Alves, have conversely been a terrific addition. 138 From a Swedish perspective, the problem was that the price of these imports began to rise again in the late 2000s as the Brazilian economy gradually recovered.