By A. M. Yaglom

This two-part remedy covers the overall conception of desk bound random capabilities and the Wiener-Kolmogorov idea of extrapolation and interpolation of random sequences and techniques. starting with the easiest options, it covers the correlation functionality, the ergodic theorem, homogenous random fields, and common rational spectral densities, between different themes. a number of examples look through the textual content, with emphasis at the actual that means of mathematical options. even supposing rigorous in its remedy, this is often primarily an creation, and the only real necessities are a rudimentary wisdom of chance and complicated variable thought.

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3) holds fa(0) = 0, for some o I. 3) with for holds w' the and + log lw - f(a) I ~ = w - f(a) Nevanlinna = e ie, - log lw' I + l o g + l w ' I + l o g 2 I. C o n v e r s e l y , 0 < ~ < 2~. characteristic 2 Then yields, suppose Cartan's since that [6, p. 6) 8] holds formula = 0, 2z T(1'fa) = 2~ I N(1'ei~'fa)d6 ~ 02. 0 Thus the best constants It is n a t u r a l the Theorem that for in 13. 3) to make 6,R, least holds 6 such lying with 2. 7) for E the set w 6 E a . e. capacity 6 E. at Thus the least Theorem 14.

85) = T~(r). 88). 15: be a p o s i t i v e , increasing C1-function on [0,+~). e > 0 II F' (r) -_< F(r) Proof. 13. of the l o g a r i t h m T f dt -< =Lzc T~(r) (Or,log ~) ~ log(Jr, <) . T Then Tte2~(t) 0 is the c o n s t a n t Proof. 83). 83) Let E I+E denote the o p e n [0 , +~) s u b s e t of where F' > F 1+e . Then E Sdr Lemma Proof. 17. Let II ~(r) -< f+~ F ' ~ 0 + ~ n + o(logr). be a r b i t r a r y . 87) s. by (We m a y r take and again c' = applying Lemma we obtain 2 II r e 2 p ( r ) where I[ -< c''rl + STy(r) (I + s) c" is i n d e p e n d e n t 2~(r) ~ 4 log T~(r) It r e m a i n s we are studying argument such for u s e 6 = I/m.

3. C o m p l e t i o n of p r o o f . W e f i r s t fix e : ~ and note that i@ I l i e s in S /4(0) if 0 ~ r ~ ~ or if r > and To a n y This 4. f E B . M . O . A . ( d I) exceptional (I - r 2 ) d % a E for is a n y e ie 6 I. subset of I and consider the t r a n s f o r m a t i o n - La(Z) . 19) ~Z We define transformation Pa(E) to be the so t h a t length of t h e image of E under this 38 E Since we on I deduce need bI 6 S We (I - 5. (%), A time. Now for some absolute - - lal 2 A. W e I I - ''Lbl12 = I - a I - a the , line IzL ]911 that a > 0, 4 ~ !.