Aquinas: A New Introduction by John Peterson

By John Peterson

Aquinas presents an in-depth research of simple philosophical techniques within the considered Aquinas. those thoughts comprise: being, essence, life, shape, topic, fact, goodness, freedom and necessity, wisdom, keen and selecting, and correct motion. those principles are approached from an analytical viewpoint however the research isn't incredibly technical, which permits novices to persist with the dialogue.

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For the idea of the pre-existence of 22 Chapter One the effect in the efficient cause comes from making the latter subserve the final cause. True, the form of our generated paramecium p pre-exists in the generating paramecium m where it functions as plan. But this is far from being generally true. Thus, take the case of the fertilizing of a hen’s egg. Here, the actual efficient cause is the chicken sperm qua penetrating the egg. The effect, a chicken zygote, is, in the view of Aquinas, that for the sake of which the activity of the sperm occurs.

Summa theologica, in Introduction to St. Thomas Aquinas, trans. A. 7, 256. 16. The following paragraphs use arguments which also appear in my “Is There Natural Purpose”? See International Philosophical Quarterly, June, 2008. 17. R. G. Gall, ed, The Molecular Biology of Ciliated Protozoa, (Orlando, Fla: The Academic Press, 1986), 303–4; I. B. Raikov, “The Macronucleus of Ciliates” in T. , Research in Protozoology, (New York: Pergamon Press, 1969), 32–44; Ralph Wichterman, The Biology of Paramicium, (New York: Blakiston, 1953), 254–58.

True, the form of our generated paramecium p pre-exists in the generating paramecium m where it functions as plan. But this is far from being generally true. Thus, take the case of the fertilizing of a hen’s egg. Here, the actual efficient cause is the chicken sperm qua penetrating the egg. The effect, a chicken zygote, is, in the view of Aquinas, that for the sake of which the activity of the sperm occurs. e. the mature chicken. Yet, that seems to compromise the Aristotelian account of the relation of final and efficient cause.

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