By Philip J. Haythornthwaite
The main implacable of Napoleon's continental enemies, on the outbreak of battle Austria maintained an enormous military, yet one rooted firmly within the 18th century. Hampered through the inherent conservatism of the hierarchy, the Austrians needed to struggle the main sleek military in Europe. regardless of this the regulars, who have been drawn from many territories below Austrian sway, played with nice self-discipline, answer and stoicism. This identify examines intimately the business enterprise, uniforms, deployment and improvement of the Austrian infantry through the Napoleonic Wars, masking Line infantry, gentle infantry, Grenz-Infanterie, Landwehr armed forces, and Frei-Corps units.
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Extra info for Austrian Army of the Napoleonic Wars (1): Infantry (Men-at-Arms, Volume 176)
The tschapka consisted of a leather skull with a section on the top like an academic's "mortar board", together with a state badge, chin strap, field badge in state colours and a cap cord. This latter portion was attached to the right hand side of the tschapka with a metal loop, and then fastened to the uniform jacket. The purpose of this device was to prevent loss of the tschapka in The Tschapka Lancer troops in the German army wore a lancer's cap or tschapka. Lancer regiments were raised by the Germans in emulation of the heroic 57 the event ot it being knocked from the head during combat.
In January 1916, assault troops at Verdun went into the attack wearing a helmet pattern that had never been seen on the battlefield before. It was the steel helmet (Stahlhelm) a 62 modern piece of armour that dispensed with any prétentions to glamour. It was strictly functional, and ideally suited to the role it was to play. Constructed out of steel plate, it was a pressing of circular shape that enveloped the head from the bro'w to the nape of the neck. Far heavier than the traditional pickelhaube, and somewhat more uncomfortable, to wear, the steel helmet was immediately recognised as an indispensable addition to the uniform.
Guard Foot Regiment, King Alexander's Guard Grenadier Regiment No. 1, and the Prussian Palace Guard Company. The style of this head-dress closely resembled the sugar loaf type 60 Above: A officer's mutze. (David Nash). Above right: A mixed group of soldiers, both officers and other ranks, photographed outside an inn behind the front. It can be seen that,' although the mutze was almost universal, it had many different forms. head-dress that was worn by a number of English regiments during the Hanoverian period.