Carotenoids: Nutrition and Health by George Britton, Synnove Liaaen-Jensen, Hanspeter Pfander

By George Britton, Synnove Liaaen-Jensen, Hanspeter Pfander

The Carotenoids book sequence presents specified debts of the basic chemistry of carotenoids and the elemental tools utilized in carotenoid examine, and important discussions of the biochemistry, capabilities and purposes of those vital compounds.

The ultimate quantity, Volume 5, bargains with the subject that's of maximum normal curiosity and public hindrance, carotenoids in human health and wellbeing and nutrients. this is often the period of ‘functional foods’, and deciding on roles of chemical elements of meals as vital micronutrients. Carotenoids characteristic excessive at the record of those. Volume 5 follows the carotenoid tale from meals to organic activities.

Carotenoids, quantity 5 is deliberate as a coordinated, built-in remedy offering updated and significant learn surveys via major experts within the box, and incorporating a few heritage fabric to assist make the chapters available to carotenoid researchers who're now not experts at the specific topic.

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References [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] R. Peto, R. Doll, J. D. Buckley and M. D. Sporn, Nature, 290, 201 (1981). G. W. Burton and K. U. Ingold, Science, 224, 569 (1984). L. M. Canfield, J. A. Olson and N. I. ), Carotenoids in Human Health, Ann. NY Acad. Sci, 691 (1993). L. Packer, U. Obermüller-Jevic, K. Kraemer and H. ), Carotenoids and Retinoids: Molecular Aspects and Health Issues, AOCS Press, Champaign, Illinois, USA (2004). N. I. Krinsky, S. T. Mayne and H. ), Carotenoids in Health and Disease, CRC Press, Boca Raton, USA (2004).

4. Fractionation of carotenoids by thin-layer and column chromatography For any sample with a complex carotenoid profile, especially if it is of interest to isolate and identify a variety of minor components, preliminary fractionation of the extract by CC and/or TLC is often advantageous. Details of CC and TLC of carotenoids are given in Volume 1A, Chapter 6, Parts II and III. Carotenoids are most often separated by TLC on silica gel, but C18 reversed-phase plates have also been employed successfully to separate carotenoids and chlorophylls in the extracts of several green leafy vegetables [4].

Geometrical isomeric form (cis/trans or E/Z) may be an important factor in the biological activity of carotenoids, especially in relation to bioavailability, transport and deposition in tissues. The conjugated double-bond system of carotenoids determines the photochemical properties and chemical reactivity that form the basis of most of their functions. Light absorption is the basis of detection and analysis. Excitation, energy transfer and quenching (Volume 4, Chapter 9) are relevant to protective roles in the eye and skin.

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