Character Strengths and Virtues: A Handbook and by Christopher Peterson, Martin E. P. Seligman

By Christopher Peterson, Martin E. P. Seligman

"Character" has develop into a front-and-center subject in modern discourse, yet this time period doesn't have a hard and fast that means. personality could be easily outlined by way of what an individual doesn't do, yet a extra energetic and thorough definition is critical, person who addresses yes very important questions. Is personality a unique attribute of anyone, or is it composed of other elements? Does character--however we outline it--exist in levels, or is it easily anything one occurs to have? How can personality be constructed? Can or not it's realized? Relatedly, can it's taught, and who could be the best instructor? What roles are performed via relations, faculties, the media, faith, and the bigger tradition? This groundbreaking instruction manual of personality strengths and virtues is the 1st development file from a prestigious crew of researchers who've undertaken the systematic class and size of broadly valued optimistic features. They technique solid personality when it comes to separate strengths-authenticity, patience, kindness, gratitude, wish, humor, and so on-each of which exists in levels.

Character Strengths and Virtues classifies twenty-four particular strengths below six extensive virtues that continuously emerge throughout heritage and tradition: knowledge, braveness, humanity, justice, temperance, and transcendence. every one energy is carefully tested in its personal bankruptcy, with targeted awareness to its which means, rationalization, size, motives, correlates, outcomes, and improvement around the existence span, in addition to to recommendations for its planned cultivation. This booklet calls for the eye of somebody attracted to psychology and what it might probably educate in regards to the stable existence.

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But we had a reason for dubbing humor a strength of transcendence: Like hope and spirituality, it connects us to something larger in the universe, specifically the irony of the human condition, the incongruent congruencies to which playful people call our attention, for our education, amusement, and comfort. We urge the reader not to be too concerned about the details of how we classified the 24 strengths under the six virtues. We have not measured the virtues per se; they are too abstract and general.

The programs exist, and their character-relevant goals are explicit. One of the benefits of our classification project may be the provision of research instruments to undertake the needed empirical investigations. Just as important as creating strengths in the first place are the rules, roles, and norms that sustain them. Although we regard character strengths as traits, they are not evident in any and all circumstances. Prevailing rewards and punishments in a given situation work for or against the display of a particular strength.

The second section contains chapters describing the current state of knowledge with respect to each of the 24 character strengths in the classification. Each chapter in the second section uses the following format: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ the consensual definition of the strength (as an individual difference), phrased in terms of behavioral criteria the theoretical/research traditions that have studied it existing individual difference measures (self-report or informant questionnaires, interviews, assessments from laboratory simulations, in vivo observations, content analyses, and so on) known correlates and consequences (outcomes) of the strength how the strength develops and is manifest across the life span 31 32 section i: Background ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ factors that encourage or thwart the development and display of this strength if available, information about gender differences and cross-national and cross-cultural aspects of this strength if available, information about deliberate interventions that foster it what is not known?

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