Chemical and electrochemical oxidation of small organic by

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S. W. Massey (1965) The Theory of Atomic Collisions, 3rd edition, p. 215±16, (Oxford University Press, Oxford). 30 The wave function information that can be known about the particle that it represents. The wave function is a complete description of the quantum behavior of the particle. For this reason, the wave function is often also called the state of the system. In the double-slit experiment, the patterns observed on the detection screen are slowly built up from many individual particle impacts, whether these particles are photons or electrons.

The elapsed time between each emission is long enough to rule out any interactions among the photons. 9(c) are observed. Thus, the same result is obtained regardless of the intensity of the light beam, even in the limit of diminishing intensity. If the detection screen D is constructed so that the locations of individual photon impacts can be observed (with an array of scintillation counters, for example), then two features become apparent. The ®rst is that only whole photons are detected; each photon strikes the screen D at only one location.

For the experiment with both slits open and a detector placed at slit A, the interaction between the wave function and the detector must be taken into account. Any interaction between a particle and observing apparatus modi®es the wave function of the particle. 37), oscillates with time as eÀi Eta" . 45), is related to Ät by ÄE > "aÄt. Thus, there is an uncertainty in the phase Eta" of the wave function and ØA (x) is replaced by eij ØA (x), where j is real. The value of j varies with each particle±detector interaction and is totally unpredictable.

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