Cognition: From Memory to Creativity by Robert W. Weisberg, Lauretta M. Reeves

By Robert W. Weisberg, Lauretta M. Reeves

From reminiscence to creativity—a entire and present presentation of the sector of cognition

The strategy of cognition permits us to operate in existence; it interprets inputs from the area that allows you to realize the sound of the alarm clock, take into accout the day of the week, and judge which outfits to wear.

Cognition: From reminiscence to Creativity presents readers with a transparent, research-based, and well-illustrated presentation of the sector, beginning with memory—the so much available beginning point—to extra advanced features and examine in info processing. Authors Robert Weisberg and Lauretta Reeves contain the most recent neurological findings that aid us comprehend the human strategies that permit for cognition.

Unique in its association, Cognition contains either classical and smooth learn and gives demonstration experiments for college students to behavior with easy materials.

Cognition explores:

Models of reminiscence and reminiscence systems
Encoding and retrieval
Forgetting vs. fake memory
Visual cognition
Attention and imagery
Sounds, phrases, and meaning
Logical pondering and selection making
Problem fixing and inventive considering

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Extra resources for Cognition: From Memory to Creativity

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Glover and O’Connor [22] and Van der Reijden-Lakeman et al. [23] found that at 2 years of age, IUGR children were impaired on tests of divided, focused and sustained attention. On such tests, the IUGR population was less accurate and more impulsive than controls. These findings suggest that low-birth-weight children might be at greater risk for the development of ADD. Indeed, the risk factors for IUGR, including maternal stress, maternal psychopathology, protein malnutrition, tobacco/alcohol consumption are identical to those for ADD.

These events occur against a genomic background and a number of genetic polymorphisms have been related to ADD. The first is a 40-bp repeat polymorphism in the 3Ј-region of the gene for the dopamine transporter (DAT), bearing 9 or 10 copies of the repeat. Such repeat polymorphisms influence gene expression and are therefore functionally relevant. Individuals heterozygous for the 9/10-repeat variant exhibit reduced DAT protein in the caudate putamen [24]. A second potentially relevant polymorphism resides in a 48-bp repeat in exon 3 of the dopamine D4 receptor (DRD4) gene and appears to be functionally relevant [25].

Perhaps the most dramatic illustration of the relation between adversity in early life and the risk for later illness emerges from studies on birth weight, early growth and health in adulthood. Individuals that were small for gestational age, suggesting some measure of intra-uterine growth restriction (IUGR), are at significantly greater risk for type II diabetes, visceral obesity and hypertension (collectively referred to as the metabolic syndrome). The major predictors of fetal growth restriction and preterm labour are maternal stress, infections, malnutrition and tobacco/alcohol consumption.

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