By Christopher Hood, Oliver James, B. Guy Peters, Colin Scott
Are public region associations being uncovered to ever-greater oversight, audit and inspection within the identify of potency, responsibility and chance administration? Controlling glossy executive explores the long term improvement of controls over govt throughout 5 significant kingdom traditions in constructed democracies - US, Japan, variations of continental-European versions, a Scandinavian case and editions of the Westminster version. A critical point of the research is an 8 state comparability of type within the use of controls established in oversight, pageant, mutuality and contrived randomness within the chosen domain names of the excessive forms on the center of the nation, the better schooling zone and the criminal area. international locations lined contain Australia, France, Germany, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, the united kingdom and america.
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Additional info for Controlling Modern Government: Variety, Commonality And Change
Mutuality is also often problematic as a way of controlling prisons and those who work within them. At prisoner level, too much mutuality in the form of group control of individuals is often at the heart of criticisms of supposedly liberal prison regimes. Mutuality in the sense of dialogue between prisons and their inmates is a fact of life in prison administration, though how far it is onesided and institutionally recognized varies (among our cases, institutionalized prisoner ‘voice’ in prison affairs seemed to be weakest in Japan and perhaps strongest in Norway and the Netherlands) and again it may lead to a perversion rather than augmentation of control.
As that example shows, looking carefully at the changing patterns of control over public bureaucracies may reveal patterns of historical transition that are both subtler and more varied than the conventional stereotype of old public management allows for. The aim of this inquiry is to characterize and compare those transitions across different state traditions and forms of organization. (d) Overall What these three issues show is that a comparative examination of controls over executive government is not a quirky or offbeat enterprise, but can illuminate some of the central contested or unanswered features of contemporary public service reform.
Rather, the culture was one that relied heavily on elite socialization and reciprocal peer-group control through ‘mutuality’ for such matters rather than a thick manual of enacted rules (Moran’s (2003) ‘club government’). The system could certainly have been said to be ‘process-driven’, but many of the key rules were neither enacted nor definite. A similar culture could have been found in the upper reaches of the universities, the medical world and, arguably, in business and finance too. To the extent that such structures have been 18 Introduction replaced, it has been in the direction of writing down the rules of the game and setting up more formal structures for applying them.