Evolution and the Future by Nikola Grimm, Stefan Lorenz Sorgner, Branka-Rista Jovanovic

By Nikola Grimm, Stefan Lorenz Sorgner, Branka-Rista Jovanovic

Major students from a variety of disciplines learn the relevance of evolutionary concept for destiny advancements, wherein the fields of anthropology, ethics, and theology are thought of specifically aspect. the most elements of the gathering are devoted to the subsequent 3 questions: What are the elemental ideas of evolutionary methods? Is it morally valid to steer evolution through enhancement applied sciences? what's the courting among evolutionary concept and trust in God?

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And so it turns out that in a first step biology prepares the way for morality. Morality then takes on the specific form of a positive morality within a given culture, and so we needn’t view natural endowments and cultural influences opposites. Thanks to a universal human reason this positive morality defers to a critical one, often similar to the first though redesigned. The biological and neuro-biological nature of human beings thus offer structures within which morality can develop, and which even call it forth in order to survive.

What appears at first sight to be a weakness always turns out upon closer inspection to be a strength. We must not underestimate our organs’ abilities. Human beings cannot jump as can hares, nor climb like Koala bears, nor swim as can fish, and they certainly cannot fly like a bird. Yet they do possess three of those four abilities, namely running, climbing and swimming, and with the right technology they can even master flying. The newest research indicates our ancestors were such accomplished long-distance runners that they could pursue many an animal until exhaustion; the protein-rich fruit of their hunt then enabled them to evolve larger brains.

Long before Sartre – and hence before the critique of Lukács and Horkheimer – Friedrich Nietzsche had expressed this motif in a well-rounded phrase: the human being, he says in the “Genealogy of Morals”, is “less defined than any other animal” (Genealogy, 3rd Essay, no. 13). Concerning Method How does a philosophical (moral-) anthropology argue? It employs a special kind of hermeneutics as method. It does not interpret specific human cultural elements, but rather empirical findings pertaining to humankind.

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