Optics, Astronomy and Logic: Studies in Arabic Science and by A.I. Sabra

By A.I. Sabra

Working during the articles during this quantity is the topic of the appropriation and next naturalization of Greek technology by means of students on the planet of medieval Islam. the outlet paper offers the historiography of this strategy, and the focal point is then put on Ibn al-Haytham, probably the most unique and influential figures of the eleventh century, and specifically in his contribution to the technological know-how of optics, either mathematical and experimental, and the psychology of imaginative and prescient. Professor Sabra then maintains the research of the way Greek suggestion was once constructed within the Islamic international with reports of labor in accordance with Euclid’s geometry and on reviews of Ptolemaic astronomy. the ultimate articles flip in particular to questions within the heritage of common sense - Aristotelian syllogism, and Avicenna’s perspectives at the topic - subject of good judgment.

Show description

Read or Download Optics, Astronomy and Logic: Studies in Arabic Science and Philosophy PDF

Similar astronomy & astrophysics books

Evolution of Stars and Stellar Populations

This is often an up to date remedy of stellar evolution, including a few of its functions to Milky method & Extragalactic astronomy. This information-dense quantity of modest measurement imparts exact technical wisdom of the way astronomers NOW take into consideration the evolution of stars. against this, different books at the thought of Stellar Evolution should be extra quaint, making it more durable for the reader to take the plunge in the direction of figuring out the present medical literature.

The First Stars: Proceedings of the MPA ESO Workshop Held at Garching, Germany, 4-6 August 1999 (ESO Astrophysics Symposia)

Neither the formation technique of "The First Stars" nor their lifestyles within the current universe is understood with any simple task. The authors of this quantity tackle all open questions providing an abundance of attention-grabbing information whilst giving a comparatively exhaustive assessment of our present-day wisdom.

The Exoplanet Handbook

Exoplanet study is without doubt one of the such a lot explosive topics in astronomy this present day. greater than 500 exoplanets are actually recognized, and teams world-wide are actively fascinated with a huge diversity of observational and theoretical efforts. This publication ties jointly those many avenues of research - from the views of statement, expertise and concept - to provide a complete, updated overview of the full box.

Merlin's Tour of the Universe

Merlin, a fictional customer from the Andromeda Galaxy, Planet Omniscia, has been associates with the various most vital medical figures of the earlier together with Kepler, da Vinci, Magellan, Doppler, Einstein and Hubble. during this pleasant journey of the galaxies, Merlin frequently recounts his conversations with those old figures in his responses to renowned astronomy questions requested by means of adults and kids alike.

Additional resources for Optics, Astronomy and Logic: Studies in Arabic Science and Philosophy

Sample text

The line standing a t right angles on the middle of the line joining the two centres of vision. Now this is a manifest error, evidenced both by reasoning (al-qiyds) and fact (al-wujud: existence). I mean [it is an error] th a t the two lines coinciding with the axes of vision should be seen ps one line; for the extrem ities of these two lines are at the centres of vision; again, the extrepiities of these two lines never meet on the common axis, but always rem ain ap art; fu r­ ther, these two lines intersect a t the middle object; therefore, they always intersect and they are npver seen united {mujtami^ayn), though in vision (Jl-l-ru’ya) they approach one another while still intersecting.

S42V Alhazeni Arabis I . i b r i e d iti. E iu sd em lib er D e crepu sculis et n u b iu m ascen sionibus. Ite m lorus T h u rin g o p o lo n i L ib ri ra ti, et in illu stra ti A lhnzenum ro m m e n ta riif. n avigan di CCS P l i i n e t a r u r n X. lib ri O m nes a u cti. nei*o (Basilcae, 1572). 3 Petri X o iiii Salaciensis tio n e ium o m n iu m e ditris th esa u n is. s in sta u - a d iec tis a Dc \ ‘iteletia m Federico Risa rte duo. E iu sdem tilq u e ra in th eo ri- Ceorgij Purbachij a n n o t a t i o n e s , A ristotelis d e m o t u e t in P r o h l e m a m e c h a n i c u m n m d g ij ex rern is a n n o ta tio una.

574-575. se w hich took place on "the last day of the year 47 in the hijra (3 July 1079),” Z otenberg and M unk, o p . , p. 189. T h e last two treatises are by oth er authors. See Steinschneider, D ie hebraeischen V bersetzun gen , p. 575; G eorge Sarton. In tro d u c tio n to th e H istory of Science /B a l­ tim ore: W illiam s i- W’ilkins, for the C arnegie In stitu tion of W’ashington, 1931), Vol. 2, p. irc h iv e fo r H istory of E xact Sciences, 1964, 2, N o. 2; 108-112. 83 Ig geret b e'am m u d h a-shahar u-m ah sib b ato w e'illat h ig g alu to u-Iekihat hah o ra ’ah m i-m ennah ‘al ‘aliy at ha-’ed im ha-m u g b ah im m e-ha-’ares.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.11 of 5 – based on 41 votes